Wealth in Waste: India’s Potential to Lead Circular Textile Sourcing

A first-of-its-kind study, “Wealth in Waste: India's Potential to Bring Textile Waste Back into the Supply Chain", is the most comprehensive analysis of the Indian textile waste landscape.
CREDIT: KobchaiMa

27 July 2022

DELHI NCR – Today Fashion for Good releases “WEALTH IN WASTE: INDIA’S POTENTIAL TO BRING TEXTILE WASTE BACK INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN”; a first-of-its-kind study, and the most comprehensive analysis of the Indian textile waste landscape. With global fibre-to-fibre recycling increasing, India is in a unique position to leverage existing infrastructure and resources to emerge as a leader in capturing waste, implementing new sorting and recycling technologies, and reintroducing its textile waste back into the global market, securing its role as the leading circular sourcing region.

Advanced recycling technologies are at the cusp of closing the textile-to textile recycling loop. The resources and materials are available, yet the infrastructure and systems to source and provide higher quality feedstock fall short. With mounting pressure to reduce reliance on virgin sources and decarbonise the industry, what can be reused, must be reused to its full potential.” – Katrin Ley, Managing Director at Fashion for Good

Commissioned by Fashion for Good as part of the Sorting for Circularity; India Project, the study was conducted in collaboration with Sattva Consulting, Saahas Zero Waste and Reverse Resources, specialist organisations in strategic impact, waste, resource and data management, and the scaling of textile recycling infrastructures.  

To enable an effective transition towards circularity, “WEALTH IN WASTE: THE OPPORTUNITY FOR INDIA TO BRING TEXTILE WASTE BACK INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN” attempts to fill the data gaps that exist in the textile waste landscape in India. By building a better understanding across three key streams, domestic post-consumer waste, pre-consumer waste and imported waste, and by mapping stakeholders, geographical flows and recognising challenges in the current infrastructure, the study aims to help ecosystem players to orchestrate actions and devise solutions and mediate accordingly. 

“The industry stands to gain a clear map of the textile waste value chain in India, armed with a robust set of recommendations for action. This now forms a strong basis to move forward collaboratively to scale the investments, infrastructure and innovation needed to make circularity in fashion a reality in India.” – Anita Chester, Managing Director at Laudes India LLP


Up to 7800 kilotonnes of textile waste is accumulated in India annually; the largest share of which, an estimated 51%, originates from Indian consumers – post-consumer waste, with factory waste and offcuts – pre-consumer waste, amounting to 42%, followed by imported waste that contributes a further 7%. India’s textile waste accounts for 8.5% of the global total; only 59% of the textile waste in India finds its way back into the textile industry through reuse and recycling, with a mere fraction making it back into the global supply chain. 

A lack of strict regulation, informal, and in some cases non-existent, traceability systems, excessive cost competitiveness and limited technological infrastructure to process certain waste types, has limited the potential of circular value chains so far. Detailing the bottlenecks in the current processing of waste, the study identifies materials that can be ranked according to their best potential through a waste value hierarchy framework as well as actions that can push the materials up the hierarchy in the future.

Outlining the potential for collaborative and systemic interventions to fortify circularity in the Indian textile waste industry and reintroduce it into the supply chain, the study presents a three-step approach to driving this transition;

  • enabling visibility and access to waste, 
  • harnessing recycling potential of India, and
  • establishing systems, infrastructure and regulations for waste management.




“WEALTH IN WASTE: INDIA’S POTENTIAL TO BRING TEXTILE WASTE BACK INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN” was presented and launched in New Delhi on July 27, during an industry focused event in collaboration with Apparel Export Promotion Council (AEPC). The event brought together key players and changemakers from across the value chain to present the study, and featured a panel discussion with industry leaders from Birla Cellulose, PVH Corp. and AEPC to discuss the findings and actions for the industry to implement. 


Sorting for Circularity; India is initiated by Fashion for Good and launched in November 2021. The project is supported by project partners: Laudes Foundation as catalytic funder, PVH Corp., adidas, Levi Strauss & Co, TESCO, Primark, Arvind Limited, Birla Cellulose and Welspun India, and technology partner Reverse Resources and IDH.

Sorting for Circularity is a framework conceived by Fashion for Good, with the aim to (re)capture textile waste, expedite the implementation of game changing technologies and drive circularity within the fashion value chain. Insights from the Fashion for Good and Aii collaborative report Unlocking the Trillion Dollar Fashion Decarbonisation Opportunity, which charts a trajectory for the industry to meet its net-zero ambition by 2050, highlight the potential and significant impact on carbon emissions in the industry through material efficiency, extended and re- use of waste.

Building on these insights, Fashion for Good’s scope of work encompasses several, industry-wide, precompetitive projects such as the Full Circle Textiles Projects – focusing on the recycling of man-made cellulosic fibres and polyester, amongst others, which tie into the net-zero ambition, and the greater goal of this project to close the loop on textile waste and reducing the industry’s environmental impact.

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